Tip of the Week

  • The body adapts

    Remember that your body adapts well as long as the stress you are putting on it is not larger than it’s capacity of adaptation. The majority of overuse injuries come from an overload on the anatomical structures (bones, cartilages, tendons, muscles). Each new stimulus must be integrated progressively (quantity of trainings, shoe or surface change, etc).

  • Pain

    Pain is the first sign telling a runner that his anatomical structures are tired. One must respect it. The runner must reduce his everyday activities (including training) by resting for 2 days before progressively going back to training without pain. If pain persists, the runner should consult a specialized health practitioner.

  • Overtraining

    A runner will know that yesterday’s training was a little too difficult and that he has not yet recuperated, if the next morning his rest heart rate is 6-10 beats higher than his normal one (average of the previous mornings). In that case, a runner should take the day off and rest!

  • The body has limits

    A runner knows that he has exceeded his own capacity to adapt when he feels pain during or after training, if he sees swelling or feels stiffness in the morning. That is a dangerous zone, which exposes his body to injuries … so he must be careful and listen to his body.

  • Health in running

    Some studies have shown that physical activity decreases the incidence of Alzheimer by 50%, of colon cancer by 60% and the risk of death (in general) by 63% so… Be perseverant and keep it up!

  • Running shoes

    It is highly recommended to gradually change your running shoes when they become an exacerbation factor of a biomechanical vice (deformation or wear of the sole). Transferring from an old to a new shoe must be done progressively. First of all, one should walk with his new shoes in the house for two days to break them in. Then, should integrate them slowly (two small trainings the first week, three trainings the second week, four trainings the third week, etc).

  • Cross-training

    When injured, complete rest is rarely the best therapy. In aiming to keep up his athletic qualities and to accelerate the healing process (good vascularization of his injured structures) it is suggested the runner finds an activity to stay fit. That activity (biking, aqua-jogging, swimming, etc) will work his heart without worsening his injury. In other words, painless cardio.

  • Overtraining

    A runner who increases his training sessions and feels symptoms such as: decrease in performance, frequent infections, general fatigue, loss of weight and appetite, low libido, headaches, sleep disturbances, persistent pain … may be overtraining. Vigilance is required. A few days of rest will help one recover. If it lasts, he should consult a physician.

  • Medical staff

    Support for a runner, may it be for a high level one or not, must be done by a competent, specialized and comprehensive professional. For that reason he should never accept final recommendations coming from non runner professionals (physio, chiro, doctor, etc).

  • Emergency care

    If an important and sudden pain appears (sprain, pulled muscle, muscle contusion, etc), a runner must quickly apply ice for 15 minutes on the injured region, immobilise it with an elastic binding, relieve the member by using crutches and consult a specialized physician, who will be able to evaluate the injury and advise you for the rest of the treatment.

  • Foot orthoses

    Plantar orthoses as the first option is not specified in the majority of a runner’s injuries. They may be necessary when dealing with a major pathology, which is not easily corrected with an exercise program. The professional that will help a runner make the proper choice must be a specialist, must be conscious of the specific requirements in running and must work with a group of specialists.

  • Foot orthoses

    The conditions most prone to wearing plantar orthoses are foot pathologies, such as metatarsalgia and tatalgia, which occur in a runner that has a hollow foot. A runner should wear for a short term only and the professional who will make the plantar orthoses must be a specialist, be aware of the specific needs running and must work with a group of specialists.

  • Quality of sleep

    Regular physical activity will help the quality of your sleep. On the other hand, doing an intense activity before going to bed will keep you from sleeping.

  • Anti-inflammatory pills

    Anti-inflammatory pills inhibit le natural healing process and consequently make your tissues more fragile. Avoid using “Advil, Motrin and Ibuprophen” without a proper recommendation of a health practitioner.

  • Strength training

    Solidifying one’s body is a good way to prevent injuries from happening to an athlete. A stabilisation, reinforcement and specific proprioception program may be done directly at home.

  • Athlete’s nutrition

    The food that you eat is the main component of your body (protein builds our muscles, calcium our bones; vitamin C contributes to the fabrication of our tendons and ligaments). In addition, it is in nutrition that a runner gets the necessary energy to run, to help recuperate from hard trainings and also to help the regeneration process. Quality, variety and balance are the watchwords when you talk about athletic nutrition.

  • Hypoglycaemia

    Hypoglycaemia brings specific signs and symptoms such as lack of coordination, weakness, and a change in your mental state (confusion, convulsion, state of unconsciousness, coma). If a runner finishes a big training and presents any of these signs or symptoms, he must quickly drink glucose based liquids (6 to 10%) like apple juice.

  • Positive attitude

    A healthy spirit in a healthy body; or, a healthy body for a healthy spirit. Pleasure, positive attitude, good lifestyle habits directly influence your body and injuries through complex physiological systems (hormones, nervous system, etc.).

  • Stretching

    Generally, it is not recommended to stretch before a workout especially if it is a speed workout. Some studies have even shown that the risk of injury is higher if stretching is done right before training.

  • Risk of injury

    Besides high level athletes, people who practice running and this activity alone are more often injured than others that combine more than one sport. By having a variety of activities in your active lifestyle you may lower your chances of getting hurt.

  • Fractioned trainings

    By fractioning your trainings (e.g.: include minutes of walking during your jogging) you maximise the physiological stress (your heart) and you minimise the stress on your bones, tendons and cartilages, which in turn, helps you lower your risk of injuries.

  • Flexibility

    For certain runners, flexibility remains a good way to prevent injuries. After being evaluated by a qualified professional, it is possible to standardize your muscular retractions by having a personalized program. The runner will then have to practise static, slow and progressive stretching exercises, at night on a daily basis, by maintaining the position 30 seconds, 1 to 5 repetitions by retracted muscular group.

  • Post training recuperation

    For certain runners, a massage helps to recover from difficult trainings, while others prefer ice baths (immersion to the waist in a bath of 5°C or less, for 4 to 10 minutes). On the other hand, all runners should progressively cool down and eat well quickly after training.

  • Bare feet

    To run bare feet on safe surfaces after trainings (be progressive) and as often as possible to walk bare feet in the house are a good means to solidify the support structures (muscles of the foot) responsible for natural absorption of the shocks... and thus preventing considerable injuries.

  • Flexibility

    Static flexibility before training should be done only if one’s muscular stiffness sufficiently influences his biomechanics to create an injury. It is not recommended, in a general way, to stretch before an activity.